Clean Sky 2 Grant Agreement

Clean Sky 2 Grant Agreement

This project was funded by the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking under the European Union`s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No CS2-945535-GAM-2020-SYS. As part of Clean Sky 2, the EU is funding two high-speed rotorcraft: the Airbus RACER composite helicopter and the leonardo next-generation civil tiltrotor (NGCTR). [8] The Breakthrough Laminar Aircraft Demonstrator in Europe (BLADE) is an Airbus project as part of the flight tests of experimental sections of laminar flow wings on an A340 from September 2017. [4] In 2016, the French`ONERA, the German DLR and the Dutch TU Delft/NLR were commissioned to evaluate 35 radical configurations from 2035, replacing conventional commercial aircraft designs and meeting the requirements of the Airbus A320: 150 passengers, a cruise with Mach 0.78 and a range of 1,200 nmi (2,200 km). TU Delft and NLR presented their study on distributed hybrid-electric propulsion (DHEP) as part of the Novair project at the AIAA SciTech conference in January 2019 and selected three more likely configurations:[9] Green Rotorcraft (GRC): jointly led by AgustaWestland and Airbus Helicopters. This ITD focuses on innovative rotor blades, the integration of diesel engine technology and advanced electrical systems to eliminate harmful hydraulic fluids. . Smart Fixed Wing Aircraft (SFWA): jointly managed by Airbus and SAAB. This ITD focuses on technologies and wing configurations for large and business aircraft.

. The Management Board, composed of representatives of the aviation industry and the European Commission, identifies strategic areas where research and innovation are essential. “Calls for proporsals” are then launched according to the changing needs of the industry. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), large industrial companies, universities and professional research institutes respond to calls with detailed plans for research activities and an overview of the funding they need to develop new technologies. In order to ensure efficient allocation, new technologies must be developed. In order to ensure an efficient allocation of resources, applications are assessed by a group of independent external experts who advise the CSJU on proposals with the best potential. The winning proposals will be funded and supported by the CSJU. The Clean Sky programme has a budget, half of which comes from the European Commission`s Framework Programme 7 for research and innovation and the other half from financial and internal contributions from industry leaders. The future of aviation is changing rapidly and the industry`s global market needs to grow in order to sustainably meet changing travel needs. The Clean Sky Joint Undertaking (CSJU) is a public-private partnership between the European Commission and the European aviation industry that coordinates and funds research activities aimed at providing significantly quieter and greener aircraft.

[1] [2] CsJU manages the Clean Sky (CS) programme and the Clean Sky 2 (CS2) programme, making it the leading aeronautical research institute in Europe. Systems for Green Operations (SGO): jointly managed by Liebherr and Thales. This ITD focuses on electric aircraft equipment, system architectures, thermal management and capabilities for more environmentally friendly trajectories. The six ITDs are completed by the Technology Assessor (TE). Once new technologies have been developed and integrated into a test model or aircraft, TE evaluates environmental improvements by conducting demonstration activities and test flights, and comparing the results with aircraft that have not been equipped with the new technologies. The difference between the fuel saved, noise emissions, etc. is the extent of the success of the technology. Some of Michelin`s new technologies have already been used in current aviation programs.

Michelin Aircraft has been participating in the Clean Sky 2 programme since 2017, which is part of the European Horizon 2020 research programme. Aviation is known for its ability to innovate and change the lives of millions of people. Also for the complexity of its hardware and systems, which means that the research and development cycles in the industry (the time it takes for an idea to move from the drawing borad to the market) are very long, usually between 20 and 30 years. The risk associated with the large investments needed to stimulate technological progress is very high. At the same time, the environmental impact of industry currently accounts for 3% of global man-made carbon emissions and will increase significantly in the coming years, as modern societies demand a better connection between people, countries and regions. By coordinating industry research activities, the OSCC develops new technologies that would otherwise exceed the manageable risk of the private sector: it provides the resources to develop and introduce innovations in timeframes that would otherwise be unattainable. The pearl wire, patented WO 2015/014579, consists of a fiberglass composite core bonded to high-strength wires that reduce weight by 40%. This new technology has the same mechanical strength for high pressure and the same thermal resistance for high braking loads. In addition, 70% to 100% of composite pearl thread is recyclable. .

In this context, Michelin is working on new technologies, including a new beaded wire technology. Open to the following bodies or institutes with established legal status in the areas covered: Sustainable and Green Engines (SAGE): Jointly managed by Rolls-Royce and Safran. This ITD focuses on new configurations such as open rotors and intercoolers. Institutions or institutes must have their headquarters in one of the countries participating in the programme, namely: In order to reduce CO2 emissions from aviation by 80% by 2050, Clean Sky 3 should require reverse planning: due to the life expectancy of aircraft, the necessary technologies should be put into service in 2030-35 and should be demonstrated in 2025-2027. The EU budget for the period 2021-2027 is expected to be voted on by the end of 2019 and a detailed allocation in 2020, with the Research and Innovation Programme Horizon Europe including at best Clean Sky 3 from 1 January 2021. [10] As such, the SCJU should be the body that will contribute the most to the achievement of the 2020 environmental objectives of the Advisory Council for Aeronautical Research in Europe (ACARE) for industry. These objectives are as follows: In the Clean Sky 2 advanced landing gear demonstrator, Michelin, in collaboration with Safran, has explored new technologies and developed innovations, including weight reduction, which is of great importance to aircraft manufacturers and airlines. As part of the program, a passive ice protection system will be tested on an engine inlet and nacelle model in an icing wind tunnel at rail Tec Arsenal in Austria by early 2020, using capillary forces generated by evaporation in a porous metal “wick” in an evaporator to ensure heat transfer without moving parts to a condenser. as in space applications, reduce weight and energy requirements. [7] Strategic areas where research and innovation are essential are called Integrated Technology Demonstrators (ITDs). There are six, each led by two industry leaders committed for the entire duration of the programme: Further examples of material developed with the support of Clean Sky are: Following the success of the initial Clean Sky programme, its successor Clean Sky 2[6] was launched in 2014(2) as part of the Commission`s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.

Clean Sky 2 is intended to make the main contribution to the Commission`s 2050 flight path targets set by ACARE, which are more ambitious than those of the initial Clean Sky programme. An Open Rotor demonstration led by Safran was launched in 2008 as part of the program with funding of €65 million over eight years: in 2015, a demonstrator was installed and tested on the ground in May 2017 on the Istres open-air test bench to reduce fuel consumption and associated CO2 emissions by 30% compared to current CFM56 turbojet engines. [3] Eco-Design (ED): co-directed by Dassault Aviation and the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft. This ITD focuses on reducing the environmental impact of aircraft design, production, removal and recycling by optimizing material and energy consumption. Assuming 500 Wh/kg batteries that are feasible but go beyond automotive or industrial applications, the drive mass has increased to 600% for HS2 and 730% for HS3, which drives all other masses and ends up consuming 34% more energy for HS3 and 51% for HS2, while HS1 showed 10% higher energy consumption. [9] The main mission of Clean Sky 2 is to develop state-of-the-art technologies to significantly increase the environmental performance of aircraft and also aims to contribute to European competitiveness and mobility. Interim EU funding is available for the call for proposals as follows: Clean Sky 2 will also help maintain global leadership in European aviation. As a result, Clean Sky 2 requires more members, a larger budget and research activities in a wider range of areas. Green Regional Aircraft (GRA): jointly managed by Airbus and Alenia. This ITD focuses on small light aircraft.

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